Pots    Naxos' first inhabitants are thought to have been Thracians, later joined by Careswho named the island (after their King, Naxo). Many finds (tools, statues etc.) reveal the remarkable prehistoric civilization of that era. Homer mentions Naxos under the name "Dia" but the island had many other names as years passed (Dionysus, Strogili -because of its shape-,Tragia etc.). Later Cretans, Phoenicians and lones settled on the island. Monuments from that era are the ruins of the temple of Apollon (Portara) on the small island at the entrance of the port, as well as the two Kouri (of Apollon and of Melanon). According to mythology, on this island Thiseus abandoned princess Ariadne, daughter of Minoas, king of Creta, after she helped him kill the Minotaurus and escape from the Labyrinth. In Naxos Dionysos, god of the island and protector of wine, festivities and cheerfulness, met her and fell in love with her.But Ariadne, unable to bear the separation, killed herself.In Naxos the Cycladic civilization developed, proof of which are the characteristic Cycladic idols, famous all around the world, which even today inspire artistic creation like jewellery, sculpture etc. The Cycladic civilization was succeeded by the Athenian and the next inhabitants of Naxos were Athenians. During that era Naxos had a great cultural and financial growth. Portara Of course, such a rich and fertile island was bound to have many enemies as well as many conquerors: Persians, Macedonians, Romans. Later, Naxos joined the byzantine empire. During the 13th century the island was conquered by the Venetian Marco Sanudo. He created the Grand Duchy of Naxia, capital of which was Naxos and members the other islands of the area. The Venetians were replaced by the Turks, who under the leadership of Haired in Barbarosa conquered and plundered the island. The turkish sovereignty lasted until 1821 when the island revolted and finally became a member of the Greek state in 1932. Since then Naxos is prospering through its "children", many of whom rose in the domains of democracy, art and civilization in Greece as well as all around the world.